November 6, 1939, the Anniversary of Sonderaktion Krakau: German Plan to Eliminate Polish Intellectuals

Professor's Garden, Jagiellonian University, K...

Among the first targeted by the Nazis were the intellectual elite of Poland. German officials wanted to make Kraków culturally German and therefore needed to eliminate any who got in the way of that goal. Nazi leaders hatched a plan called Sonderaktion Krakau, or Special Action Kraków.

Academics and professors of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, were lured into a false meeting, where they were told they did not have permission to start a new academic school year. They accused Poles of being hostile toward German science and that they had acted in bad faith. All of this was a carefully scripted lie. The professors, lecturers and doctors were rounded up, arrested and deported to prison facilities. They eventually were sent to Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

English: Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp. Ora...

The first to be imprisoned to Sachsenhausen were political opponents and criminals, real or imagined. In later years, however, Jews, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Roma and Sinti (Gypsies) were also imprisoned in Sachsenhausen.

November 6, is a date set aside to honor those Polish academics who were victimized by Nazi rule. The Rector of the university lays wreaths to honor those fallen. See the article here.

Nicolaus Copernicus Monument in Kraków. Espera...

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s